Zpět na seznam

Moustached guenon

Cercopithecus cephus

Foto: Moustached guenon
Váhy a míry
Délka od 40 do 60 cm
Hmotnost od 3 do 4 kg
Biologická data
Délka života od 22 do 30 let
Délka březosti od 210 do 215 d
Počet mláďat 1
Popis zvířete
The Moustached Guenon, scientifically known as Cercopithecus cephus, is a captivating primate species belonging to the Old World monkey family, Cercopithecidae. This species is primarily found in the dense rainforests and wooded habitats across Central and West Africa, including countries such as Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, and the Congo basin. Its habitat preferences extend to secondary forests and forest edges, where it adeptly navigates the lower and middle canopy layers in search of food and shelter.

Characterized by its striking appearance, the Moustached Guenon has a medium-sized, agile body, with males typically larger than females. Adults usually weigh between 3 to 5 kilograms. The fur coloration varies from a dark grey to a deep blue-grey on the back, while the underparts are lighter, often a vibrant white or yellowish color. Its limbs are strong and dexterous, aiding in its arboreal lifestyle.

The most distinctive feature of this species is its facial markings. The Moustached Guenon has a white, crescent-shaped band of fur above its brow line, and its cheeks are adorned with white fur that contrasts sharply with its darker facial fur, giving the appearance of a moustache. This unique facial pattern is believed to play a role in social communication within the species.

Dietarily, the Moustached Guenon is omnivorous, with a preference for fruits, which constitutes the majority of its diet. However, it also consumes leaves, flowers, insects, and occasionally small vertebrates, adapting its diet based on the availability of resources in its environment. This flexibility in feeding habits is crucial for its survival in the diverse ecosystems of Central and West Africa.

Socially, the Moustached Guenon lives in groups typically consisting of one dominant male, several females, and their offspring. These groups are highly social and maintain complex relationships, communicated through a variety of vocalizations, facial expressions, and body postures. The dominant male plays a pivotal role in protecting the group from predators and rival guenon groups.

Reproduction in the Moustached Guenon follows a polygynous system, where the dominant male mates with multiple females in the group. Females give birth to a single offspring after a gestation period of about five to six months. Offspring are highly dependent on their mothers for the first few months, during which time they develop the necessary skills for independent survival.

Despite its adaptability, the Moustached Guenon faces threats from habitat destruction due to logging, agricultural expansion, and human settlement. Additionally, it is hunted for bushmeat, which poses a significant threat to its population. While it is currently classified as Least Concern by the IUCN Red List, ongoing conservation efforts are crucial to ensure the long-term survival of this remarkable species in its natural habitat.

In conclusion, the Moustached Guenon is a fascinating primate with distinctive physical and social characteristics that enable it to thrive in the diverse ecosystems of Central and West Africa. Its survival, however, is intricately linked to the health of its habitat and the conservation measures implemented to protect it.
Nové fotografie zvířat