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White cockatoo

Cacatua alba

Foto: White cockatoo
Váhy a míry
Délka 50 cm
Popis zvířete
The White Cockatoo, scientifically known as Cacatua alba, is a strikingly beautiful and charismatic bird native to the tropical rainforests of Indonesia, specifically in the North Maluku Islands. This bird species is a member of the cockatoo family, which is renowned for its vividly plumed species, and the White Cockatoo stands out for its immaculate white feathers that grace its body, giving it a majestic appearance that captivates bird enthusiasts and nature lovers alike.

Adult White Cockatoos typically reach a length of about 46 centimeters (18 inches), making them neither the largest nor the smallest among the cockatoo species. What sets them apart is their stunning white plumage, which covers their entire body. The only exception to their white coloration is the faint yellow tint on the underside of their wings and tail, which becomes visible only when they are in flight or when they fan out their tail feathers.

One of the most distinctive features of the White Cockatoo is its large, erectile crest, which it can raise or lower at will. When fully extended, the crest reveals a subtle yellow coloring, adding to the bird's expressive nature. This crest is not just for show; it plays a significant role in communication among White Cockatoos, signaling excitement, curiosity, or agitation.

Their eyes are encircled by a ring of bare, blue-tinged skin, which contrasts strikingly with their white plumage and dark brown or black eyes, adding to their expressive appearance. The White Cockatoo's strong, curved beak, which is black or dark grey, is perfectly adapted for cracking nuts and seeds, which form a significant part of its diet, alongside fruits, berries, and occasionally insects.

White Cockatoos are highly social and intelligent birds, known for their loud calls and vocalizations that can be heard echoing through their forest habitats. They often gather in large flocks, especially at roosting sites, and display complex social behaviors. Their intelligence is further demonstrated by their ability to mimic sounds and words, making them popular as pet birds, though this has also led to challenges in conservation due to trapping for the pet trade.

Breeding pairs of White Cockatoos form strong bonds and are known to be monogamous. They nest in tree cavities, where the female typically lays two eggs. Both parents take turns incubating the eggs and feeding the chicks, showcasing a high degree of parental care.

Unfortunately, the White Cockatoo is considered to be an endangered species, facing threats from habitat loss due to deforestation and illegal capture for the pet trade. Conservation efforts are underway to protect their natural habitats and regulate trade, with the hope of ensuring the survival of this magnificent bird for future generations to marvel at and enjoy.

In summary, the White Cockatoo (Cacatua alba) is a captivating bird, admired for its stunning white plumage, expressive crest, and intelligent, social nature. Despite facing significant conservation challenges, it remains a symbol of the tropical forests it calls home, reminding us of the beauty and diversity of our planet's wildlife.
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